How To Chose A Portable Stove For Your Bug-Out Plans

The world has certainly seen significant changes since the time when our primitive ancestors discovered fire by striking rocks together in their loincloths. However, the fundamental concept of harnessing controlled fire for survival and sustenance remains remarkably constant. In a similar vein, the art of cooking with fire, although evolved, still maintains its core principles.

While the essence of cooking with fire endures, the tools and technologies that have arisen to support this age-old practice have undergone a fascinating transformation. From humble beginnings, we have developed modern kitchen essentials like pots, pans, ovens, and stoves, incorporating new materials, intricate mechanisms, and safer fuel sources to make cooking more convenient and secure.

For those who venture into off-grid living, whether by choice or necessity, a portable stove becomes an invaluable companion. It serves not only as a versatile cooking tool but also for water purification and even for crafting essential household items such as glue. With a reliable portable stove at your disposal, a world of possibilities opens up.

So, what attributes should you seek in a portable stove that perfectly complements a nomadic or ever-changing lifestyle? The ideal portable stove strikes a harmonious balance between efficiency, performance, adaptability, and portability. In our quest to find the perfect balance, we have carefully curated a selection of stoves to help you understand the trade-offs associated with adjusting these four crucial characteristics.

Stove Types

When it comes to choosing a portable stove, a pivotal decision point revolves around the type of fuel it utilizes. Essentially, you have three main categories to consider: liquid fuel stoves, canister stoves, and solid fuel stoves. Each of these options comes with its unique features and advantages.

Liquid fuel stoves require manual intervention to function effectively. Users need to pump the liquid fuel from a pressurized bottle into the stove. This process ensures a steady supply of fuel to keep the flames burning.

In contrast, canister stoves are designed for simplicity and ease of use. These stoves are self-pressurizing, eliminating the need for any manual pumping. They provide a hassle-free experience, making them particularly convenient for those seeking efficiency and simplicity in their outdoor cooking adventures.

Solid fuel stoves, on the other hand, are known for their versatility. These stoves can burn a variety of materials that won’t evaporate, including twigs, branches, leaves, and fuel pellets, making them an excellent choice for resourceful outdoor enthusiasts. Some solid fuel stoves are also compatible with manmade hexamine fuel tablets.

When it comes to portable stoves, you’ve got a variety of choices, each with its unique characteristics. Let’s break down the four main types and what you should consider for your outdoor adventures:

Solid fuel stoves

these stoves operate by burning solid fuel, and they typically need a spark to get the flames going. Hexamine, a popular solid fuel, can be ignited with a spark, but it often involves crumbling a portion of the tablet, which can reduce the burn time. These stoves are lightweight and convenient but may require a bit of extra effort to start the fire.

Alcohol Stoves

Alcohol stoves are unpressurized liquid-fuel stoves that run on alcohol, which vaporizes at room temperature. This property allows alcohol to mix with the air, resulting in an easy, clean, and quick burn. They are favored by ultralight backpackers for their simplicity. However, there are downsides to consider for anything beyond recreational use. Alcohol stoves burn fuel rapidly, are susceptible to wind extinguishing the flame, and offer limited control over the heat output. Many of these stoves are homemade from tin cans, making them less durable.

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Liquid-Fuel Stoves

These stoves are the most versatile options in the portable stove realm. Most are designed to burn white gas, kerosene, and diesel. It’s crucial to understand that the liquid itself doesn’t burn; instead, it’s the vapor it emits that ignites. Liquid fuel stoves need manual pressurization to operate, and white gas is the cleanest among the liquid fuels.

Using kerosene or diesel can be messy and, frankly, a hassle due to their low vapor pressure, which makes them prone to leaks and spills. However, liquid fuel stoves are efficient and can handle various fuels if properly prepped.

Canister Stoves

Canister stoves rely on sealed canisters filled with propane, butane, isobutane, or their mixtures. Propane is a reliable choice, especially in frigid conditions, as it functions effectively down to -43 degrees F. But it comes with a heavier, stronger tank to contain the gas under higher pressure. Butane and isobutane are more cost-effective but have limitations when the temperature drops below their boiling points. They lose vapor pressure, rendering the stoves inoperable unless they can be inverted (although most can’t). On the plus side, these fuels are stored at lower pressure and come in smaller, lighter canisters.

So, the choice of your portable stove largely depends on your specific needs and the conditions you expect to encounter during your outdoor adventures. Each type has its strengths and weaknesses, making it essential to weigh the pros and cons before making your selection.


portable stoves for bug out bag

Making choices in favor of portability inevitably means sacrificing certain attributes like size, weight, and some features. Going bigger with your gear, such as Grande-sized pots, larger controls, enhanced durability, and added stability, comes at the cost of portability.

Canister stoves take the crown for being the most portable option, but it’s vital to factor in the size and weight of fuel canisters, especially if you plan to carry multiple. Be aware that fuel canisters are a no-go on commercial flights, limiting your travel options. Liquid-fuel stoves often stand as the second-best choice for portability, while propane stoves lag behind in this department due to their heavyweight propane fuel containers crafted from steel.

As for solid-fuel stoves, they span a wide range of portability, from petite cup-sized models designed to hold burning fuel chunks to more substantial contraptions equipped with built-in blowers and batteries.


Efficiency in outdoor cooking hinges on the energy released during combustion and the effort required to transform the fuel into usable energy. Fuel burnability spans a spectrum, with easily ignitable gases like propane on one end, and heavy liquid fuels like diesel on the other, which require a fair bit of coaxing to ignite and often leave a sooty residue.

Butane, propane, and similar gases ignite readily, burning cleanly with a blue flame when sparked. In contrast, diesel demands a more elaborate initiation and tends to produce a yellow-tinged, sooty flame. Liquid-fuel stoves need priming, a process involving igniting a small amount of fuel near the stove’s head to heat up the burner or generator loop in the fuel line. This pressure-boosting step vaporizes the fuel in the line, enabling faster combustion when it exits the jet.

White gas, similar to alcohol, requires less coaxing than diesel or kerosene and burns cleanly. It also primes faster. Solid-fuel stoves, however, present a greater challenge to ignite and generally demand more fuel or time to reach the necessary cooking temperatures compared to gas and liquid-fuel stoves.


Fuel availability is a paramount concern, especially in an unpredictable world. Liquid-fuel stoves offer exceptional versatility by allowing users to switch out the jet, enabling them to burn a variety of readily available liquid fuels. Some liquid-fuel stoves with substantial fuel lines and efficient generator loops can even handle a wide range of fuels that can be forced through the jet. They can operate effectively in diverse environmental conditions that support sustained flame.

In contrast, canister stoves are limited to threaded, single-use fuel canisters, which may not always be easy to find on the road. If you’re relying on a canister stove for emergency scenarios, stockpiling spare canisters is a must. Pure butane functions well in moderate temperatures, isobutane can burn just below freezing, and isobutane/propane mixtures can handle even colder temperatures.

However, only a liquid-fuel stove is guaranteed to burn reliably in subzero conditions or high alpine altitudes. For solid-fuel stoves, biomass, such as leaves and twigs, is generally abundant and readily available. However, in treeless or desert environments, you’ll need to carry wood pellets or engineered solid fuel to ensure your cooking needs are met.

A few of our recommendations

Jetboil Genesis Camping Cookware

jetboil genesis camping cookware

The Jetboil Genesis Camping Cookware set is an impressive addition to any outdoor enthusiast’s gear collection. This meticulously designed cooking system caters to the needs of campers and backpackers with efficiency, portability, and versatility in mind.

The heart of this set is the dual-burner stove, which delivers exceptional cooking power while maintaining fuel efficiency. Whether you’re boiling water, simmering a savory stew, or whipping up a gourmet outdoor meal, the Genesis stove has you covered. The precision simmer control ensures that you can cook delicate dishes without burning, and the quick boil times will save you valuable time at the campsite.

What truly sets this cookware apart is its compact design. The nesting pot and pan make for a space-saving solution, leaving ample room in your backpack for other essentials. The included windscreen enhances fuel efficiency and minimizes cooking time even in challenging weather conditions.

The Jetboil Genesis Camping Cookware set is made of high-quality materials, ensuring durability and long-lasting use. The convenient carrying case protects your investment and keeps everything organized.

Overall, the Jetboil Genesis Camping Cookware is a game-changer for outdoor cooking. Its powerful performance, compact design, and robust build quality make it an excellent choice for both weekend adventurers and long-distance trekkers who demand the best in campsite cuisine. With this cookware set in your backpack, you can elevate your outdoor cooking experience to a whole new level.


BioLite CampStove 2+

biolite campstove 2+

The BioLite CampStove 2+ is a remarkable and eco-friendly addition to any camper’s or backpacker’s arsenal, designed to provide an efficient cooking solution while minimizing your environmental footprint.

At the heart of this innovative stove is its ability to transform heat into electricity, allowing you to charge your devices while you cook. Whether you need to power up your smartphone or other gadgets in the great outdoors, the CampStove 2+ has got you covered. This feature alone sets it apart from traditional camp stoves.

But the BioLite CampStove 2+ is not just about charging your devices; it’s also an exceptional cooking system. It’s incredibly versatile, capable of boiling water, cooking meals, and even grilling, thanks to the included FlexLight and portable grill attachment. The efficient fan system ensures consistent heat output, while the smokeless design minimizes environmental impact.

Portability is another key advantage of the CampStove 2+. Its compact and lightweight design makes it easy to carry in your backpack, and it’s an excellent choice for both short backpacking trips and longer expeditions. The stove’s compatibility with various fuel sources, such as wood, pellets, or twigs, ensures that you can cook no matter where you are.

The BioLite CampStove 2+ is a versatile, eco-friendly, and highly portable camp stove that offers both cooking capabilities and device charging. It’s a smart choice for outdoor enthusiasts who want to cook, stay connected, and reduce their environmental impact all at once. With this stove in your gear, you can truly experience the best of both worlds in outdoor cooking and technology.


Camp Chef Mountain Series Stryker 200

camp chef mountain series stryker 200

The Camp Chef Mountain Series Stryker 200 is a fantastic addition to any camper’s gear, offering an array of features that make outdoor cooking a breeze. With its thoughtful design and efficient performance, this camp stove sets a high standard for campsite culinary experiences.

One of the standout features of the Stryker 200 is its exceptional compactness and portability. The compact design and foldable components allow it to easily fit into your backpack without taking up too much valuable space. Setting it up is a snap, and you’ll be ready to cook in no time, even in challenging outdoor conditions.

This stove’s efficiency is another major selling point. Its heat output is impressive, making it ideal for rapid boiling and cooking. The reliable push-button ignition system eliminates the need for matches or lighters, adding convenience to your outdoor cooking adventures.

Versatility is also a key feature of the Stryker 200. It can accommodate a variety of pot and pan sizes, allowing you to prepare a wide range of meals. The included pot supports provide stability, ensuring your cookware stays secure while in use.

In terms of fuel options, the Stryker 200 offers flexibility by supporting canister fuel, making it easy to find the fuel you need for your journey. With an included carry bag, the stove and its components stay organized and protected during transport.

The Camp Chef Mountain Series Stryker 200 is a top-notch camp stove for outdoor enthusiasts seeking a reliable, compact, and efficient cooking solution. It’s perfect for those who value convenience, portability, and versatility in their campsite cooking equipment, ensuring that you can enjoy delicious meals even in the most remote and challenging locations.


MSR WindBurner

msr windburner

The MSR WindBurner is a game-changing camp stove system designed to provide campers and outdoor enthusiasts with an unmatched cooking experience, particularly in challenging and windy conditions. This stove’s exceptional performance and innovative design set it apart from the rest.

One of the standout features of the WindBurner is its exceptional wind resistance. Thanks to its fully enclosed, radiant burner and windproof design, it remains virtually impervious to gusty conditions. This means you can rely on it to cook efficiently even when the weather takes a turn for the worse.

The stove’s integrated heat exchanger ensures that heat is distributed evenly, resulting in quick boil times and efficient cooking. Whether you’re whipping up a warm meal or brewing a hot beverage, the WindBurner’s performance is consistently impressive.

The ease of use is another noteworthy feature. With its simple push-button ignition and intuitive design, you’ll have your meal cooking in no time. The pot’s design offers excellent heat retention, allowing you to conserve fuel and save on weight, making it a practical choice for longer trips.

The MSR WindBurner is not only a stove but a versatile cooking system. It comes with a range of accessories like a coffee press kit and a skillet, providing flexibility and expanding your culinary possibilities in the great outdoors.

Portability is a strong suit of the WindBurner as well. The compact nesting design ensures that all components fit neatly together, making it easy to carry in your backpack. This stove is perfect for backpacking, camping, or any adventure where lightweight, efficient cooking is a priority.

The MSR WindBurner is an exceptional camp stove system that excels in wind resistance, heat distribution, ease of use, and versatility. Whether you’re a seasoned outdoor enthusiast or a casual camper, this stove will enhance your outdoor cooking experience and ensure that your meals are consistently warm and satisfying, even in the toughest conditions.


Primus Express Spider II

primus express spider ii

The Primus Express Spider II is an outstanding camp stove that caters to the needs of outdoor enthusiasts seeking reliability, performance, and compactness. With a well-thought-out design and a host of features, this stove is a must-have for any adventurer’s gear collection.

One of the defining features of the Express Spider II is its versatility. This stove is compatible with a variety of fuel canisters, including butane, propane, and isobutane, ensuring you can find a fuel source that suits your needs no matter where your adventures take you. The wide compatibility extends its usability across different environments and climates.

Efficiency is another hallmark of this stove. Its preheat coil technology ensures optimal performance in low temperatures, allowing you to cook efficiently even when the weather is less than ideal. Whether you’re boiling water for a quick meal or simmering a gourmet campsite dinner, the Express Spider II delivers consistent heat output.

Portability is a strong suit as well. The stove’s collapsible design and lightweight construction make it a breeze to transport, and it takes up minimal space in your backpack. Setting it up is straightforward, thanks to the integrated windscreen that enhances fuel efficiency and minimizes cooking time, even in breezy conditions.

The robust build quality of the Primus Express Spider II ensures durability and long-lasting use, making it a reliable choice for countless camping and backpacking trips.

The Primus Express Spider II is a versatile, efficient, and highly portable camp stove that excels in various outdoor environments. Whether you’re a seasoned camper or a casual adventurer, this stove’s performance and reliability will make your outdoor cooking experiences more enjoyable and efficient, ensuring hot meals no matter where your journeys take you.



In times of emergency or when bugging out becomes a necessity, having a portable stove emerges as an indispensable asset. It’s not just a cooking tool; it’s a lifeline that provides warmth, purifies water, and sustains nourishment during critical moments.

banner tlw 2 foods to hoardThe compact and efficient design of these stoves ensures that you can maintain a sense of normalcy even in the most challenging circumstances.

So, when disaster strikes or you need to escape to a safer place, a reliable portable stove can be your beacon of hope, offering comfort, sustenance, and a glimmer of normalcy in the midst of chaos.

Suggested resources for survivalists:

How to stay cool while camping in how weather

Find Out What’s the Closest Nuclear Bunker to Your Home

Eight skills to master in the wilderness

The #1 food of Americans during the Great Depression

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